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The Quran we see today was compiled into book format by Zayd ibn Thabit and other scribes under Uthman, the third caliph (reign 644 to 656).
(A caliph is the political leader of a Caliphate (Islamic government).) For this reason, the Quran as it exists today is also known as the Uthmanic codex.
It is also believed that God did not make himself known through the revelations; it was his will that was revealed.
People questioned the nature and modes of Muhammad’s revelations.
The Meccans of Muhammad judged the Quranic revelation based on their understanding of ‘inspiration’.
Before the Quran was commonly available in written form, speaking it from memory prevailed as the mode of teaching it to others.
The practice of memorizing the whole Quran is still practiced among Muslims.
Muhammad's cousin Ibn Abbas describes the way in which the final version of the Quran was fixed: "the prophet recited the book before Gabriel every year in the month of Ramadan, and in the month in which he died he recited it before him twice." that toward the end of Muhammad’s life a special act of revelation occurred in which a final and complete version of the Quran was created.
The term 'recite', which is used here, is referring to the custom where a Quranic scholar recites the entire Quran from beginning to end a number of times before a senior scholar.
While writing was not a common skill during Muhammad’s time, Mecca, being a commercial center, had a number of people who could write.
Some scholars believe that up to 48 scribes including Zayd ibn Thabit and Ubay ibn Ka'b recorded verses of the Quran.
For them, poetry was closely connected to inspiration from a higher spiritual source.
For this reason when Muhammad began preaching and reciting the Quran, the Meccans accused him of being a poet (21.5) or a ‘poet possessed’(37.36).